woman face with measurements

Discussion – What is DeepFake?

We can now see the late known personalities such as the iconic sex symbol Marilyn Monroe and the most celebrated Spanish Surrealist painter and printmaker, Salvador Dali moving back to life or the famous portraits like Mona Lisa and the Girl with a Pearl Earring making funny faces.

So how it’s done?

These things are made possible using DeepFake.

DeepFake is an AI (Artificial Intelligence)-based technology used to produced or alter video content to combine and superimpose existing images and videos into source images or videos using a machine learning technique known as generative adversarial network (GAN).

Tl; dr;

DeepFake, a portmanteau of “deep learning” and “fake,” is an AI-based technology used to produced or alter video content in which the subject is face-swapped using machine-learning algorithms.

There has been made videos online of Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa and known personalities such as Marilyn Monroe, Albert Einstein, Fyodor Dostoyevsky (a Russian novelist) and Salvador Dali by having the AI system map facial features and movements to bring photos back to life.

What is DeepFake?

Deepfake tech 1

Source: WIRED

deep fake tech 2

Source: BGR

DeepFake is an AI-based technology used to produce or alter video content. The term “deepfake” was coined in December 2017 when a certain anonymous Redditor under the name “deepfakes” began uploading videos of celebrities stitched into the bodies of pornographic actors.

Recently, Samsung’s AI lab in Russia published a paper outlining how one can train a neural network to learn facial movements and expressions and then applying the obtained data to stills from videos, images, and even paintings.

The results are pretty amazing to the video demonstrating how the system worked.

With the DeepFake’s rapid technological advancement, the technology already exist to create convincing but “inauthentic” audio and video content. It can be an avenue to create fake news, malicious hoaxes and fake celebrity porn video clips.

Cited in a February 2019 report entitled ThisPersonDoesNotExist.com Uses AI to Generate Endless Fake Faces, James Vincent raises his concerns over the technology:

As we’ve seen in discussions about deepfakes (which use GANs to paste people’s faces onto target videos, often in order to create non-consensual pornography), the ability to manipulate and generate realistic imagery at scale is going to have a huge effect on how modern societies think about evidence and trust. Such software could also be extremely useful for creating political propaganda and influence campaigns.

In other words, ThisPersonDoesNotExist.com is just the polite introduction to this new technology. The rude awakening comes later. (source)

The horrifying consequences of this technology could get more and more difficult to determine what’s between fake vs. reality.

That’s why in connection, Melissa Dykes of Truthstream Media writes:

We are coming to a point in our post-post-modern society where seeing and hearing will not be believing. The old mantra will be rendered utterly worthless. The more we consider the sophistication of these technologies, the more it becomes clear that we are just scratching the surface at attempting to understand the real meaning of the phrase “post-truth world”. It’s not a coincidence this was an official topic at last year’s ultra-secretive elite Bilderberg meeting, regularly attended by major Silicon Valley players including Google and Microsoft, either. (source)

Today’s changing media landscape requires greater challenge for reliable journalism regarding deepfake. Media practitioners and technology innovators should be readily on guard with this primary issue. Also, responsible citizens must not patronize fake news just for self-gain and destroying over one’s reputation.

Summary

DeepFake, a portmanteau of “deep learning” and “fake, is an AI-based technology. It is used to produce or alter video content in which the subject is face-swapped using machine-learning algorithms.

Meanwhile, Samsung’s AI lab in Russia recently published a paper explaining how one can train a neural network to learn facial movements and expressions and then applying the obtained data to stills from videos, images, and even paintings.

Due to DeepFake technology’s rapid evolvement, it can be an avenue to create fake news, malicious hoaxes and fake celebrity porn video clips.The horrifying consequences of this technology could get more and more difficult to determine of what’s between fake vs. reality.

That’s why media practitioners and technology innovators should be readily on guard with this primary issue. Also, responsible citizens must not patronize fake news just for self-gain and destroying over one’s reputation.

By Tuan Nguyen

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