internet of things

Technology review – What is Internet of Things?

Internet connectivity goes beyond the usual.

Put the concept of connecting any device with an on and off switch to the Internet and / or to each other in that sense.

From your washing machines, lamps, cellphones, coffeemakers, wearable devices, and anything you can think of, forming a “smart home”.

This also applies to components of machines like a jet engine of an airplane or the drill of an oil rig.

But how can these things possible?

It is through the Internet of Things.

Tl; dr;

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a giant network of things “connected.”

It involves relationships that are between people-people, people-things, and things-things.

Now, organizations from different industries are using to operate more efficiently, understand their customer better, improve decision-making, and increase business value. It is also used at homes for better comfort and luxury.

With IoT, it extends the capability of the internet to be much innovated and valuable in every human aspect.

According to Gartner, an analyst firm, there will be over 26 billion devices connected by 2020.

The IoT possibility

internet of things possibilities

Source: manufacturing-operations-management

Through utilizing the Internet of Things, it will just dramatically change how we do routines every day because anything that can be connected will be connected.

Consider having your alarm clock wakes you at 6 am and then notifies your coffeemaker in the kitchen to start brewing coffee for you? Or you are on your way to an important meeting but the traffic heavy, so your car knows the best route to take, at the same time, notifies your colleagues at the office that you will be late.

The bottom line is that the Internet of Things allows virtually endless opportunities and connections to take place.

Internet of Things or simply IoT was first mentioned by Kevin Ashton, the co-founder of the Auto-ID Center at MIT, in a presentation he made to Procter & Gamble (P&G) in 1999.

He used the term to bring the bring radio frequency ID (RFID) to the attention of P&G’s senior management by simply calling his presentation the “Internet of Things”to integrate the cool new trend of 1999 – the internet.

Even though Ashton was the first one to coin the term “internet of things,” the idea of connecting devices has been around since the 1970s under the names of pervasive computing and embedded internet.

An example would be the first internet appliance, known to be a Coke machine at Carnegie Mellon University in the early 1980s.

How the system works?

internet of things system

Source: Micrium

Internet connectivity doesn’t only sit in an idea of having to connect a device from a WiFi spot as what all the traditional devices (i.e. laptop computers, smartphones, and tablets) are.

In a statement, Matthew Evans, the IoT programme head at techUK, says:

“IoT offers us opportunity to be more efficient in how we do things, saving us time, money and often emissions in the process,” Evans says. It allows companies, governments and public authorities to re-think how they deliver services and produce goods.

Thus, IoT describes a world where anything can be connected and communicate in an intelligent fashion.

Connected to an Internet of Things platform, devices and objects with built in sensors integrate data from the different devices and applies analytics to share the most valuable information with applications built to address specific needs.

For instance, if I you are the owner of a car manufacturing business. I might need to know things like which optional components (i.e. leather seats or alloy wheels) are the most popular. With Internet of Things technology, you can:

  • Utilize sensors to detect which areas in a showroom are the most popular, and where customers linger the longest;
  • Dig into the available sales data to determine which are the fast selling components; and
  • Align sales data automatically with supply, so that popular items do not go out of stock.

Benefits of the IoT

May it be on establishments, offices, homes, vehicles, or on public spaces, the benefits of the IoT in the near future are incomparable as to what our life is now.

With IoT:

  • Smart thermostat at home can help us heat our homes before we arrive back and also could help us save energy by cutting heating costs;
  • Businesses can monitor overall operations, improve customer experience, save time and money, enhance productivity among employees, make better business decisions, and generate more revenue;
  • Hospitals, can closely monitor their patients through generated data and analyze it, by allowing them to have wearable devices;
  • Smart cities having IoT sensors and deployments, can help alleviate traffic , conserve energy, and even address environmental concerns such as pollution;
  • In agriculture, IoT enabled farming system, can help monitor, light temperature, humidity and soil moisture of crop fields. It is also instrumental in automating irrigation systems.


With Internet of Things, everything and anything can now be connected. Things that we think impossible to make.

From your ordinary coffeemakers, lights, electric stoves, heaters, simply communicates to make our lives better and easier.

IoT can help save time, money, and energy, makes businesses foster through data analytics for better decision making, helps hospitals to monitor patients closely, helps farms to operate efficiently and effectively, and many more.

By Tuan Nguyen